Timothy Caldwell was born on April 27, 2009, in Arkansas, to Paul Caldwell and Christina Caldwell. He was the couple's fifth child, and they went on to have four more children after him.
Along with his siblings, Timothy is currently being homeschooled.
Timothy's family used to live in Woodbridge, Virginia, where his father was a Pastor at Heritage Baptist Church. In 2008, his father was sent by Baptist International Missions, Inc. to plant a church in Fayetteville, Arkansas. He has lived there his whole life.