Timothy Caldwell was born on May 6, 2009, to Paul Caldwell and Christina Caldwell. He was the couple's fifth child, and they went on to have four more children after him.
Timothy's family used to live in Woodbridge, Virginia, where his father was a pastor at Heritage Baptist Church. In 2008, his father was sent by Baptist International Missions, Inc. to plant a church in Fayetteville, Arkansas. Timothy has lived there his whole life.
Timothy is being homeschooled alongside his siblings.